동아시아연구원은 근본적인 민주주의 가치와 제도를 위협하는 요인에 대한 객관적인 분석과 해결방안을 민간차원에서 모색하기 위해 2018년 11월 23일(금) 서울에서 아시아 민주주의 중견국 포럼을 개최했습니다. 역내 온전한 민주주의 국가로 분류되는 중견국, 즉 한국, 일본, 호주, 인도 전문가를 초청하여 진행된 본 포럼에서 참가자들은 각 국가에서 민주주의를 옹호하고 공고화하기 위해 어떤 노력을 실천하고 있고, 이러한 노력이 다른 아시아 국가들이 민주주의 가치를 실현하는데 어떻게 새로운 방향을 제시할 수 있는지 논의했습니다.
Thursday, November 22
5:00 p.m. – 6:30 p.m.
Pre-Dinner Discussion Populism in Other Countries
The rise of populism and emergence of populist extremist leaders are not problems that are afflicting only Europe or the West. How does the rise of populism unfold in Asia? How do other experts from Asian countries in the region, such as Australia, India, and Japan, respond to the rise of populism in their own countries? What populist agendas/ideologies have been prevalent in your country? What caused this recent rise of populism? How do they interpret that phenomenon and its impact on their democracy?
Panelists: Niranjan Sahoo, Senior Fellow, Observer Research Foundation (India) John Kane, Professor, Griffith University (Australia) Francisco Magno, Professor, Jesse M. Robredo Institute of Governance (Philippines)
Moderator: Sook Jong Lee, Co-Representative, Asia Democracy Research Network (South Korea)
6:30 p.m. – 8:00 p.m.
Friday, November 23
8:30 a.m. – 9:00 a.m.
Registration and Coffee
9:00 a.m. – 9:05 a.m.
Welcoming Remarks Yul Sohn, President, East Asia Institute (South Korea)
9:20 a.m. – 10:50 a.m.
Session One How Can Asian Middle Powers Promote Democracy Internationally?
In traditional sense, middle power can be defined according to capabilities, function, and behavior. Middle power generally adopts an internationalist perspective and policy, participates in multilateral forums, leads in specific niche areas, and acts as a bridge among countries. The term “bridge” is a keyword in understanding the concept of middle power. A middle power acts as a bridge between a great power and a small power, playing the role of mediator when the two sides are at odds and of a channel for communication when there is a breakdown in dialogue. In this regard, what is the role and responsibility of middle power democracies in maintaining international rules and behaviors in Asia? With the rise of China and its offensive policy and relative decrease in the US presence and commitment in the region, what can we expect from the middle power democracies when defending and upholding democratic values, rule of law, and rules-based institutions? How can the middle power democracies generate and fine-tune lessons and strategies for addressing democratic deficits in fledgling democracies? What are strategies and action plans currently set in store in each respective country to deepen the quality of democracy?
Panelists: Sook Jong Lee, Co-Representative, Asia Democracy Research Network (South Korea) Yukio Takasu, Former United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Management; Former President of the United Nations Security Council (Japan) Niranjan Sahoo, Senior Fellow, Observer Research Foundation (India) John Kane, Professor, Griffith University (Australia)
Moderator: Yul Sohn, President, East Asia Institute (South Korea)
10:50 a.m. – 11:05 a.m.
11:05 a.m. – 12:35 p.m.
Session Two Local Democratic Values and Prospect for Democratic Unity in Asia
This moderated discussion will focus around the perspectives of fledgling democracies in order to define locally imbedded democratic values. Is it possible for these local democratic values to be able to drive democratic unity between fledgling democracies on one hand and the five Asian middle powers and the Western democracies on the other? If so, how should we go about facilitating such unity?
Panelists: Nishan de Mel, Executive Director, Verite Research (Sri Lanka) Aira Azhari, Coordinator of Democracy and Governance Unit, Institute for Democracy and Economic Affairs (Malaysia) Thawilwadee Bureekul, Director of Research and Development Office, King Prajadhipok’s Institute (Thailand) Chin-en Wu, Associate Research Fellow, Academia Sinica (Taiwan)